Sweden

Overview and recent developments

Simplification remains a cornerstone of Sweden’s regulatory policy. In the 2017 budget, simplification efforts focus on two areas: “Better service” and “More fit-for-purpose regulations”. The government will monitor “Better Service” efforts against how much easier and faster it becomes to submit information and receive a response. For the area “More fit-for-purpose regulations”, the objective is for regulation to promote economic growth and to reduce regulatory compliance costs for businesses.

Ex ante evaluation is required for all primary laws and subordinate regulations by the 2007 Ordinance on Impact Analysis of Regulation. Ex post evaluation is normally conducted ad hoc by a ministry, government agency, or by a committee of inquiry. Individuals or interest groups can also make suggestions to conduct ex post evaluations by sending proposals directly to the responsible ministry or government agency. Sweden could consider expanding ex post evaluation through carrying out comprehensive in-depth reviews in particular sectors or policy areas.

Institutional setup for regulatory oversight

The Swedish Better Regulation Council was established in 2008, formally as an independent committee of inquiry appointed by the Government and since 2015 as a permanent structure. Its secretariat is located within the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth. The Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth is responsible for methodological development, guidance and training in regulatory policy tools. The SAERG also develops and proposes simplifications measures, participates in international activities aimed at simplifying regulation for businesses, and promotes awareness among other government agencies of how businesses are affected by enforcement of regulation. An opinion from the Legislative Council in Sweden should normally be obtained before the parliament decides to adopt a law.

Stakeholder engagement is deeply engrained into the law-making process in Sweden. One of the four fundamental laws of the Swedish Constitution requires the government to engage with stakeholders when formulating government instruments. When a committee of inquiry is appointed to investigate an issue, it normally includes a mix of policy makers, experts, and politicians, enabling consultation early in the process. The committee analyses and evaluates the proposal. The final report is sent to relevant stakeholders for consideration, before the joint draft procedure continues within the Government Offices. Ministries usually create a new webpage for each consultation. Sweden could introduce a central government portal to make it easier for stakeholders to find and participate in consultations as early in the process as possible.

Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iREG): Sweden, 2018
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Note: The more regulatory practices as advocated in the OECD Recommendation on Regulatory Policy and Governance a country has implemented, the higher its iREG score.

Source: Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance Surveys 2014 and 2017, http://oe.cd/ireg.

Requirements to use regulatory management tools for EU-made laws: Sweden

Stakeholder engagement

Regulatory impact assessment

Development stage

The government facilitates the engagement of domestic stakeholders in the European Commission’s consultation process

Yes

 

 

Negotiation stage

Stakeholder engagement is required to define the negotiating position for EU directives/regulations

No

RIA is required to define the negotiating position for EU directives/regulations

No

Consultation is required to be open to the general public

No

 

Transposition stage

Stakeholder engagement is required when transposing EU directives

Yes

RIA is required when transposing EU directives

Yes

The same requirements and processes apply as for domestically made laws

Yes

The same requirements and processes for RIA apply as for domestically made laws

No

Consultation is required to be open to the general public

Yes

RIA includes a specific assessment of provisions added at the national level beyond those in the EU directives

Yes

 

 

RIA distinguishes between impacts stemming from EU requirements and additional national implementation measures

Yes

Source: Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance Survey 2017, http://oe.cd/ireg.

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