This Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022 report provides up-to-date monitoring and evaluation of agricultural policies across 54 countries from across the world, including the 38 OECD countries and the five non-OECD EU Member States, and eleven emerging and developing economies: Argentina, Brazil, People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, the Russian Federation,1 South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam. It is the 35th in the series of the OECD Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation reports, and the tenth report to include both OECD countries and emerging and developing economies.

The report provides insights into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and is based on the OECD’s comprehensive system for measuring and classifying support to agriculture — the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSE and CSE) and related indicators. These indicators provide comparable information across countries on the nature and extent of support and serve as a basis for the OECD’s Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation. This 2022 report focuses on the role of agriculture and of agricultural policies in combatting climate change.

The report is structured as follows. The Executive Summary synthesises the key findings. Chapter 1 discusses the importance of the agricultural sector in global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and its potential to contribute to overall mitigation efforts. In particular, it provides an overview of countries’ strategies and policy actions for reducing agricultural GHG emissions and makes recommendations to address climate change mitigation objectives. Chapter 2 provides an overview of recent developments in agricultural policies and support, including in further policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic and their implications for agricultural support. Chapter 3 describes the overall trends in agricultural support and is followed by individual chapters for each of the countries covered (the European Union, which has a Common Agricultural Policy, is presented as a single chapter). Country chapters begin with snapshots containing brief summaries of developments in agricultural policies and support as well as country-specific policy recommendations. This is followed by more comprehensive descriptions of agricultural policy developments, including related to efforts to reduce agricultural net GHG emissions. A Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables of the indicators of agricultural support is available as a separate document on the OECD website (

The Executive Summary as well as Chapters 1 and 2 are published under the responsibility of the OECD Committee for Agriculture. The remainder of the report is published under the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD.

← 1. * This report does not contain a country chapter on the Russian Federation, nor any tables with support indicators in the Statistical Annex. However, aggregate data for the 11 emerging economies and for all 54 countries covered in this report continue to include those for Russia.

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