The complexity and risk of economic and financial criminality is growing in a majority of countries, fostered by a global context marked by digitalisation and the fragile economy prompted by the COVID-19 emergency. At the same time, effective prosecution practices play a key role in protecting society from a culture of impunity, and have the potential to secure citizen trust, foster investment and ensure necessary tax revenues. In recognition of their importance, Latvia has embarked on an ambitious agenda to strengthen its criminal justice system and succeed in the fight against financial and economic crimes.

This report takes stock of Latvian efforts to date to improve performance of its criminal justice sector. It identifies results achieved so far, and it makes policy recommendations to support Latvia in driving the performance of its prosecution system towards excellence, particularly in tackling financial and economic crimes. It draws on years of OECD analysis in collaboration with its Member and Partner countries in the areas of justice, integrity and sound public management policy, all of which are key pillars that sustain effective prosecution practices.

Building on comparative analysis, it suggests ways to improve the performance of prosecution in Latvia by strengthening accountability mechanisms, committing to strategic management tools and leveraging data to design evidence-based policy. It formulates recommendations to improve staff management including exploring opportunities for training, specialisation, and increased use of simplified procedures. The report also highlights the potential for better co-operation across the whole of the justice chain, including with judges, investigators and the ministry of justice.

Looking ahead, Latvia’s strategies should stay committed to strengthening its criminal justice system as a whole. As demonstrated by OECD analysis, investing in strong justice institutions provides the necessary basis for the prosecution to deliver on its mandates. The OECD stands ready to support Latvia in tackling economic and financial crime and developing a justice system that promotes excellence.

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