Croatia

Since becoming a development co-operation provider in 2011, Croatia has aimed to share the experience of its war and post-war transition to benefit countries facing similar challenges. Based in the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, Croatia sees its development co-operation as an enabler of wider political and economic co-operation. This co-operation has expanded over recent years, with a considerable increase in the volume of Croatia’s development assistance. Croatia is increasingly diversifying its development co-operation toolbox, moving away from traditional forms of support (i.e. inter-institutional official development assistance [ODA]) towards technical assistance and other non-financial forms of support that encourage knowledge sharing. In its response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Croatia has supported its neighbouring countries in strengthening their health systems by providing medical supplies and financial contributions. Croatia has also contributed to the United Nations (UN) system, particularly to the World Health Organization, to accelerate the development of COVID-19 vaccines.

Please note that 2020 preliminary and 2019 data in the text are provided in current prices whereas the charts reflect all data in constant 2018 USD, in order for the data to be comparable over time. Find the methodological notes behind the profile here.

Croatia’s global development policy framework is determined by its size, capacities and challenges, as well as a post-war transition experience that constitutes its key comparative advantages. This is underpinned by its Law on Development Co-operation and External Humanitarian Assistance, adopted in 2008, which provides the legal basis for its development co-operation. The National Strategy for Development Cooperation of the Republic of Croatia for the period from 2017-2021 sets out the basic parameters for the country’s development co-operation and humanitarian aid, with a core objective of overcoming poverty and decreasing aid dependence. Through its humanitarian assistance, Croatia aims to provide short-term and urgent support to those affected by natural disasters and other crises, concentrating on saving lives and health. In addition to multilateral and bilateral channels, Croatia is increasing non-financial forms of support to encourage knowledge sharing and mutual learning.

Croatia provided USD 84.5 million (preliminary data),1 representing 0.15% of gross national income (GNI) in 2020. This was an increase of 14.2% in real terms in volume and an increase in per cent of GNI from 2019. The government has committed to strive to achieve a 0.33% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030 as part of the European Union’s (EU) collective commitment to achieve 0.7% ODA/GNI target by 2030. Total ODA on a grant-equivalent basis has the same value as net ODA under the cash-flow methodology used in the past, as Croatia provides only grants. Within Croatia’s gross ODA portfolio in 2019, 99% was provided in the form of grants and 1% in the form of non-grants.2

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In 2019, Croatia provided more of its ODA multilaterally. Gross bilateral ODA was 28% of total ODA, of which 9.2% was channelled through multilateral organisations (earmarked contributions). Croatia allocated 72% of total ODA as core contributions to multilateral organisations.

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In 2019, Croatia provided USD 54.1 million of gross ODA to the multilateral system, a fall of 15% in real terms from 2018. Of this, USD 52.3 million was core multilateral ODA, while non-core contributions were earmarked for a specific country, region, theme or purpose.

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In 2019, Croatia’s total contribution to multilaterals was mainly allocated to the EU institutions, the United Nations (UN) and the World Bank Group. These contributions together accounted for more than 96.8% of Croatia’s total support to the multilateral system. The UN system received 5.1%, mainly through core contributions. Out of a total volume of USD 2.8 million to the UN system, the top three UN recipients of Croatia’s support (core and earmarked contributions) were the UN Secretariat (USD 1 million), the United Nations Development Programme (USD 500 000) and the World Health Organization (USD 400 000).

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See the section on Geographic and thematic focus of ODA for the geographical and thematic breakdown of bilateral allocations earmarked through the multilateral development system. Learn more about multilateral development finance.

In 2019, Croatia’s bilateral spending increased compared to the previous year. It provided USD 20.4 million of gross bilateral ODA (which includes earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations). This represented an increase of 24.5% in real terms from 2018.

In 2019, country programmable aid was 70.8% of Croatia’s gross bilateral ODA, compared to a DAC country average of 48%.

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Note: NGO: non-governmental organisation.

In 2019, Croatia channelled bilateral ODA mainly through the public sector and multilateral organisations, as earmarked funding.

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In 2019, Croatia’s bilateral ODA was primarily focused on Europe.

USD 14.9 million was allocated to ODA-eligible countries in Europe and USD 1.6 million to the Middle East, accounting respectively for 73.1% and 7.6% of gross bilateral ODA. Sixteen per cent of gross bilateral ODA was unspecified by region in 2019.

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Bilateral ODA by recipient country

In 2019, 76.6% of gross bilateral ODA went to Croatia’s top 10 recipients. Its top 10 recipients are in Europe and the Middle East, in line with its focus on its immediate neighbourhood and its policy priorities. The share of gross bilateral ODA that was not allocated by country was 23.3%.

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In 2019, most of Croatia’s bilateral ODA was allocated to social infrastructure and services. Investments in this area accounted for 63.6% of bilateral ODA commitments (USD 13 million), with a strong focus on support to health (USD 7 million), refugees in donor countries (USD 4 million), and other social and infrastructure services (USD 3 million). ODA for economic infrastructure and services totalled USD 230 000. Bilateral humanitarian aid amounted to USD 1.2 million (6.1% of bilateral ODA).

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The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (Directorate for Economic Affairs and Development Co-operation, Directorate for Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid) is the key institution engaged in development co-operation co-ordination and policy-making processes. It implements a large number of development projects, along with other line ministries, such as the Ministry of Health and the Central State Office for Croats Abroad, within the scope of their competencies.

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Explore the Monitoring Dashboard of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.

Government of Croatia, National Strategy for Development Co-operation for the Period 2017-2021: www.mvep.hr/files/file/2018/181128-national-strategy-for-development-cooperation-2017-2021-eng.pdf

Reporting to the OECD since 2012 and reporting activity-level data since 2018 on 2017 activities.

The methodological notes provide further details on the definitions and statistical methodologies applied, including the grant-equivalent methodology, core and earmarked contributions to multilateral organisations, country programmable aid, channels of delivery, bilateral ODA unspecified/unallocated, bilateral allocable aid, the gender equality policy marker, and the environment markers.

Notes

← 1. DAC members adopted the grant-equivalent methodology starting from their reporting of 2019 data as a more accurate way to count the donor effort in development loans. See the methodological notes for further details.

← 2. Non-grants include sovereign loans, multilateral loans, equity investment and loans to the private sector.

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