Normal pension age is 57 years in 2020 gradually rising to 65 by 2043, increasing by one year every three years. Retirement is not required and employees with 15 years of contributions are qualified for a periodical pension benefit while those having less than 15 years qualify for lump-sum payments.


The pension benefit currently accrues at 1%. Past earnings are valorised in line with inflation. Contributions are payable up to a ceiling of IDR 8 939 700 per month. The minimum pension after 15 years of contribution is IDR 350 700 per month, with a maximum benefit of IDR 4 207 200 per month. Pensions in payment are indexed to prices.

Defined contribution

Employees in the private sector are covered by defined contribution pension plans. From 1993 to 2013 this refers to one of the Employees Social Security Programmes (PT Jamsostek) and in this case the Jaminan Hari Tua (JHT) or Old Age Security (OAS). The JHT is a compulsory programme for all employees and the retired may opt for part lump-sum with a periodical payment until death or a full lump-sum payment. Employees contribute 2% of earnings and employers pay 3.7% of the payroll. The pension is paid as a lump sum or monthly up to a maximum of five years if the balance is more than IDR 3 million. For comparison with other countries, for replacement rate purposes the pension is shown as a price-indexed annuity based on sex-specific mortality rates.

Early retirement

It is possible to start claiming the pension at any age with a minimum of five years of contribution, if unemployed for at least 6 months.

Late retirement

The benefit may be deferred with no maximum age.

Taxation of workers

There is a deduction of IDR 54 000 000 for a single individual. In addition, work-related expense is tax deductible and the amount is 5% of earnings up to a ceiling of IDR 6 000 000. There is also a tax-deductible amount of 5% or up to IDR 2 400 000 for pension payments. Social security contributions are tax deductible.

Taxation of worker’s income

Social security contributions payable by workers

Employees contribute 1% of payroll to the pension plans and 1% to health care.

Taxation of pensioners

Social security contributions payable by pensioners

Pensioners do not pay any social security contributions.

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