Slovenia

The Slovenian currency is the euro (EUR). In 2020, EUR 0.88 was equal to USD 1. In that year, the average worker in Slovenia earned EUR 20 424 (Secretariat estimate).

The tax unit is the individual.

  • A general (basic) allowance of EUR 3 500.00 is deductible from income in 2020. For lower income groups whose taxable income equals up to EUR 13 316.83 an additional general allowance is determined linearly by the following equation: 18 700.38 – 1.40427×total income.

  • Family allowances are also deductible from the tax base in the same way as for the general allowance. The allowances for 2020 are as follows:

    • EUR 2 436.92 for the first dependent child;

    • EUR 2 649.24 for the second child;

    • EUR 4 418.54 for the third child;

    • EUR 6 187.85 for the fourth child;

    • EUR 7 957.14 for the fifth child;

    • for the sixth and all additional dependent children the allowance is higher by EUR 1 769.30 relating to the amount of allowance for the preceding maintained children;

    • EUR 8 830.00 for a dependent child who requires special care;

    • EUR 2 436.92 for any other dependent family member.

  • Relief for social security contributions: Employee’s compulsory contributions for the social insurance system are deductible for income tax purposes.

  • Tax credits: None for employees.

  • Additional voluntary pension insurance premiums: Premiums paid by a resident to the provider of a pension plan based in Slovenia or in another EU Member State according to a pension plan that is approved and entered into a special register in accordance with the pension legislation are deductible from taxable income. In 2020 such deductions are subject to an annual limit of EUR 2 819.09 or a sum equal to 24% of the employee’s contribution for compulsory pension and disability insurance if that is a lower figure.

  • Reimbursement of expenses associated with work, such as in-work meals, transport to and from work, in-the-field supplements (per diem when an employee works outside his or her working place) and compensation for being away from home, are exempt subject to statutory conditions and upper limits.

  • Reimbursement of expenses associated with business travel such as: per diem allowances, transport costs (including the use of the employee’s private vehicle for work purposes), and the costs of overnight accommodation, are exempt subject to statutory conditions and upper limits.

  • The cost of purchasing and maintaining uniforms and personal protection work equipment defined in special regulations is exempt from income tax.

  • Compensation for the use of an employee’s own tools and other equipment (except private vehicles) necessary for the performance of work at the work place, is exempt up to a level of 2% of the monthly wage or salary of the employee, subject to an upper limit of 2% of the average gross monthly wage (AGMW).

  • Long service bonuses, severance pay upon retirement and payments related to accidents, long term sickness and other unexpected events are exempt subject to statutory conditions and upper limits.

  • Severance pay on redundancy is exempt subject to an upper limit of ten times the AGMW.

  • Compensation for the use of an employee’s own possessions and property when working at home in accordance with statutory regulations is exempt up to a level of 5% of the monthly wage or salary of the employee, subject to an upper limit of 5% of the AGMW.

  • The reduction of PIT on the part of a salary paid on the basis of business performance. The income paid on the basis of business performance is exempt from the taxable base of employment income (but not from social security contributions) up to amount corresponding to 100% of the last published average monthly salary in the Republic of Slovenia. ‘The part of a salary paid on the basis of business performance’ is defined as income which should be paid once in a calendar year to all eligible employees at the same time, and under the condition that the right to receive such income is provided:

      • in the employer’s general legal acts, with the same eligibility conditions for all employees; or

      • in the collective labour agreement including or serving as basis for eligibility criteria for receiving such income.

    1. The exemption of PIT on the payment for holiday leave up to 100% of the latest known average monthly wage in the Republic of Slovenia.

The tax schedule for 2020 is as follows:

There are no regional or local income taxes.

The compulsory social security insurance system consists of four schemes as follows:

  • pension and disability insurance;

  • health insurance;

  • unemployment insurance;

  • parental leave insurance.

The taxable base for social security insurance contributions paid by employees is the total amount of the gross wage or salary including vacation payments, fringe benefits and remuneration of expenses related to work above a certain threshold. The assessment period is the calendar month. Employees contribute an amount as a percentage of their remuneration as follows:

Social security insurance contributions are also paid by employers on behalf of their employees. The taxable base and the assessment period are the same as for employees’ contributions. The employers’ contribution rates are as follows:

The only change to these rates since 1996 has been the 0.2 percentage points increase in the employers’ contribution rates for health insurance in 2002.

Slovenia implements a minimum SSC base for workers earning less than a minimum income threshold. For gross earnings below the minimum income threshold, SSCs are calculated on the basis of the minimum SSC base and not on actual gross wage earnings. Employees are liable to pay employee SSCs on their actual gross earnings, however, the employers are liable to pay (in addition to the employer SSC on gross earnings) the employee and employer SSC rate on the gross wage earnings below the minimum income threshold.

None.

None.

On 1 January 2012 the Exercise of Rights to Public Funds Act (ZUPJS-A) entered into force. Regarding to a new act child allowance is a supplementary benefit for maintenance, care and education of children when the family income per family member does not exceed statutorily defined percentage of the average net wage in the previous year.

The new legislation changed relevant family income which is the basis for the income classes from gross family income to net family income. Income includes taxable income and non-taxable income defined by the Personal Income Tax Act as for instance social benefits. Income is defined as gross income plus social benefits received but excluding the normalized cost and actual cost recognized under the law governing income tax, taxes and mandatory social security contributions levied on such income.

The new legislation also reduced the age of a child’s entitlement. The right to a child benefit is held only until the child reaches 18 years. Besides, the child benefit is higher for eligible students included in higher secondary education (aged less than 18 years and with an income per family member below the average net wage).

Applications for the benefit are made on an annual basis and the payments are not taxable.

  • The amount of the benefit is calculated for each child separately according to the level of net family income per family member and the ranking of the child in the family. Each family is assigned to one of 8 income brackets. From 1 January 2018 the thresholds between brackets are defined in nominal terms whereas before that date the brackets were defined according to some percentage of the previous year average net wage.

  • Each child is allocated in one of three ranking levels (the level of payments increases with the ranking level - the lowest for the first child, higher for the second child and the highest for the third and any subsequent child). When a child lives in a one-parent family, the amount of the allowance is increased by 30%. When a pre-school child does not attend kindergarten, the amount of the allowance is increased by 20%.

  • The details for the calculation of the net income per family member have been prescribed by the Minister, as follows:

    • All income and receipts, namely net disposable income (after deduction of the normalized cost and actual cost recognized under the law governing income tax, taxes and mandatory social security contributions levied on such income) are taken into account, except those that are designed to cover the specific needs (such as allowance and attendance allowance, a large family, etc.). Property is also taken into account like immovable property, cars and other vehicles, watercraft, etc. Property is assigned a value and then it is calculated the amount of interest that would be received within one year from the value of assets deposited in a bank account in the form of time deposits.

  • The monthly amounts of transfers for a child from birth to the end of primary school in a two-parent family according to the Exercise of Rights to Public Funds Act and Public Finance Balance Act for the year 2020 are as follows:

  • The monthly amounts of child benefit for a child included in the secondary school (but only for the child younger than 18) in the income brackets 7 and 8 are different than those in the table above and are as follows:

In 2020, the maximum annual benefit levels for children in a two-parent family till the end of primary school are set by:

  • EUR 1 404.60 for the first child;

  • EUR 1 545.00 for the second child;

  • EUR 1 685.64 for the third or subsequent child.

The amounts decline as the level of income per family member increases.

  • In 2006 the taxation of income of individuals changed from global tax to a kind of a dual income tax system. Active income (from employment, business, basic agriculture and forestry, rents, royalties and other income) is taxed aggregated at progressive rates and taking into account the allowances and deductions; capital income (interest, dividends and capital gains) is taxed at proportionate rates on a scheduler basis.

  • In 2007 the number of income tax brackets was reduced from five to three. At the same time, some non-standard tax reliefs for certain expenses and for interest paid on loans for housing were abolished.

  • In 2008 additional general allowances were introduced for people on low incomes.

  • The payroll tax was phased out at the start of 2009.

  • The Exercise of Rights to Public Funds Act entered into force on 1.1.2012 changes family income which is the basis for the income classes from gross family income to net family income, which also includes social benefits received.

  • Regarding to the Public Finance Balance Act which entered into force on 1.6.2012, the amounts of transfers for children in fifth and sixth income classes are reduced for 10%. Transfers for children in the seventh and eighth income classes are abolished.

  • In 2013 the second bracket in the PIT schedule was broadened according to the Public Finance Balance Act. For the years 2013 and 2014 also the threshold for the third bracket (with the rate 41%) was increased and a new, top bracket with a rate of 50% was introduced for incomes above EUR 70 907.20.

  • For the year 2013 the special relief for students was reduced by 25 % compared to the tax relief in 2012 (the tax relief for 2014 amounts to EUR 2 477.03).

  • Concerning rental income deriving renting of immovable and movable property a new scheduler principle of taxation was introduced in the year 2013 with proportional rate of 25%. The standardised costs were reduced from 40% to 10% of the rental income.

  • The main and most important substantive change for the year 2014 and beyond eliminates the automatic adjustment of tax credits and net annual tax basis in the scale for assessing personal income tax with the growth in consumer prices.

  • For the year 2014 another amendments were also introduced to the personal income tax, that is the abolishment of the tax benefits to certain groups of taxpayers (special relief for daily migrants, relief for the residents over 65 years of age).

  • In 2014, the amendments to the Law on Parenthood and Family Incomes increased child benefit for each child who lives in a single-parent family. Namely, the uplift of child benefit was increased from 10 to 30%. In this year were also introduced the different amounts of transfers for children included in the secondary school in the sixth income bracket.

  • The scale of assessment for income tax as a temporary measure that applies to 2013 and 2014, with the addition of a fourth class tax rate of 50% was extended for the year 2015.

  • In 2015 the annual threshold between 2nd and 3rd tax bracket (above which the income tax is paid at the rate of 41%) was increased to EUR 20 400 (from EUR 18 960) for the years 2016 and 2017. The corresponding tax rate remained unchanged (i.e. 27%). The validity of the tax rate of 50% for the fourth tax bracket (for incomes above EUR 70 907) is extended also for tax years 2016 and 2017.

  • In 2016 for the year 2017 the additional tax bracket between previous second and third tax brackets with the rate of 34% has been introduced, and the second highest tax rate has been lowered from 41% to 39%. The highest rate of 50 %, which used to be a temporary measure, has been maintained. The threshold for the additional basic allowance has been increased from EUR 10 866 to EUR 11 166.

  • In 2016 and valid from 2017 the reduced taxation on performance bonuses (13th salary) was introduced meaning that salary paid on the basis of business performance is exempt from the income tax up to 70% of the average wage.

  • From 2018 the additional general tax allowance for incomes between EUR 11 166.67 and EUR 13 316.83 is determined linearly.

  • From 2018 the PIT exemption for the income paid as a reward for the business performance was increased from 70% to 100% of the latest known average monthly wage in the Republic of Slovenia.

  • From 2018 the thresholds of the income brackets used for the calculation of child benefits are defined nominally; before that the thresholds were defined as percentage of the previous year average net wage. In addition, child benefits have been re-introduced also for income brackets 7 and 8.

  • From 2019 the payment for holiday leave is tax and SSCs free up to 100% of the latest known average monthly wage in the Republic of Slovenia. Before 2019 it was burdened only by PIT while the SSCs exemption was only up to 70 % of the latest average monthly wage.

  • The amendments to the personal income tax legislation valid from 1 January 2020 include increase of tax brackets thresholds (in first bracket to EUR 8 500, in second to EUR 25 000, in third to EUR 50 000 and in fourth bracket to EUR 72 000), reduction of tax rates in second (from 27 % to 26 %) and third (from 34 % to 33 %) tax bracket, increase of the general tax allowance (to EUR 3 500) and introduction of additional linear general tax allowance for the whole income interval up to €13,316.83. The linear function was updated accordingly.

The following measures were implemented to lowering the burden on labour for the time of covid-19 pandemic.

  • For temporarily "inactive" but still employed workers and for the workers who are unable to work due to force majeure (ie. caring for children, their own inability to come to work and due to other epidemic-related reasons) the state budget finances social security contributions, ie. contributions for pension and disability insurance as well as health insurance.

  • The state budget covers the contributions for pension and disability insurance of the insured persons and the employer's contributions for all employees receiving wages. According to the data published by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, in 2018 there were app. 200,000 natural or legal persons in Slovenia that reported some revenue or employees. Among them app. 147,000 worked within sectors B to N. The data from the Financial Administration of the Republic of Slovenia show that app. 49,000 firms used the benefit of State budget coverage of the employee's and employer's pension and disability insurance contributions from 3 April 2020 till 31 May 2020. Among those 49,000 firms there were 45,000 (90 %) firms from sectors B to N but overall, only little more than 30 % of all firms benefited from the measure. Taking into account this data, we can say that this measure should not be considered in the Taxing Wages model for 2020.

In Slovenia the gross earnings figures cover wages and salaries paid to individuals in formal employment including payment for overtime. They also include bonus payments and other payments such as pay for annual leave, paid leave up to seven days, public holidays, absences due to sickness for up to 30 days, job training, and slowdown through no fault of the person in formal employment.

The average gross wage earnings figures of all adult workers covering industry sectors B–N are provided by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia.

Some employer contributions are made to private health and pension schemes but there is no relevant information available on the amounts that are paid.

2020 Parameter values

2020 Tax equations

The functions which are used in the equations (Taper, MIN, Tax etc) are described in the technical note about tax equations. Variable names are defined in the table of parameters above, within the equations table, or are the standard variables “married” and “children”. A reference to a variable with the affix “_total” indicates the sum of the relevant variable values for the principal and spouse. And the affixes “_princ” and “_sp” indicate the value for the principal and spouse, respectively. Equations for a single person are as shown for the principal, with “_sp” values taken as 0.

Mentions légales et droits

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