Abbreviations and acronyms

ASQA Australian Skills Authority (Australia)

BMBF Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Germany)

BMBWF Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung, Austria)

CNED National Centre for Distance Education (Centre National d'Enseignement à Distance, France)

CAP Professional Vocational Education Track (Certificat d'Aptitude Professionnelle, France)

CEDEFOP The European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Greece)

CFAE School Association Professional Development Centres (Centros de Formação de Associação de Escolas, Portugal)

CPD Continued Professional Development

CSL The Centre for School Leadership (Ireland)

CoLs New Zealand introduced Communities of Learning | Kāhui Ako (New Zealand)

DES Department of Education and Skills (Ireland)

DEIS Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools (Ireland)

DIA The Comprehensive Assessment of Learning, (Diagnóstico Integral de Aprendizajes, Chile)

ECEC Early Childhood Education and Care

EDUFI Finnish National Agency for Education (Opetushallitus Utbildningsstyrelsen, Finland)

EPO Education Policy Outlook

ESF European Social Fund

FINEEC The Finnish Education Evaluation Centre (Kansallinen koulutuksen arviointikeskus, Finland)

FCNM Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (France)

GDP Gross Domestic Product

HEIs Higher Education Institutions

HEPPP Higher Education Participation and Partnerships Programme (Australia)

KS Norwegian Association of Local and Regional Authorities (Norway)

LTO Long-term Occasional Teachers (Ontario (Canada))

MEXT Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan)

MOOC Massive Open Online Course

MINEDUC Ministry of Education (Ministerio de Educación, Chile)

NIFU Norwegian Research Institute (Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning, Norway)

NTIP The New Teacher Induction Program (Ontario (Canada))

NZQA New Zealand Qualifications Authority (New Zealand)

OKM Ministry of Education and Culture (Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö, Finland)

PISA Programme for International Student Assessment

PNPSE National Programme to Promote Educational Success (Plano Nacional de Promoção do Sucesso Escolar, Portugal)

SEP Preferential School Subsidy (Ley de Subvención Escolar Preferencial, Chile)

TALIS Teaching and Learning International Survey

TEIP3 Third Generation of the Education Territories of Priority Intervention Programme (Territórios Educativos de Intervenção Prioritária, Portugal)

TEQSA Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (Australia)

TPL Teacher Professional Learning

VET Vocational Education and Training

VIVE The National Research and Analysis Centre for Welfare (Det Nationale Forskinings-og Analysecenter For Velfaerd, Denmark)

YÖK Council of Higher Education (Yükseköğretim Kurulu, Turkey)

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