1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2023

Country statistical profile: New Zealand 2023
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
37 085
 
37 247
 
39 697
 
42 008
 
42 334
 
45 620
 
45 415
 
47 045
 
e 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
35 591
 
36 011
 
38 418
 
40 430
 
40 806
 
44 492
 
44 533
 
46 132
 
e 
Household disposable income per capita
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.8
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
2.9
 
-2.1
 
5.5
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
-0.3
 
-0.1
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
1.1
 
3.1
 
5.5
 
e 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
8.1
 
3.6
 
2.2
 
6.9
 
5.2
 
2.6
 
-4.8
 
7.9
 
e 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
5.2
 
4.9
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
..
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
17.1
 
16.6
 
15.2
 
15.2
 
14.9
 
14.7
 
..
 
..
 
Construction
%
6.2
 
6.5
 
6.8
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.6
 
..
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
17.6
 
17.8
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
17.2
 
16.7
 
..
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
6.1
 
6.0
 
5.8
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
6.0
 
..
 
..
 
Real estate
%
15.1
 
15.4
 
15.7
 
15.5
 
15.7
 
16.0
 
..
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
10.4
 
10.6
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
11.1
 
11.2
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
15.8
 
15.8
 
15.6
 
15.2
 
15.5
 
15.8
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
0.2
 
0.0
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
0.8
 
-0.7
 
-7.3
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
55.6
 
54.0
 
50.5
 
48.9
 
48.6
 
47.0
 
52.8
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
40.2
 
39.0
 
40.1
 
39.5
 
39.2
 
39.9
 
38.8
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
7.5
 
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
e 
7.8
 
e 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
e 
1.9
 
e 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
21.1
 
20.0
 
19.7
 
18.7
 
19.5
 
23.6
 
22.0
 
20.8
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.9
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.26
 
0.28
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.27
 
0.27
 
0.25
 
0.23
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
31.2
 
31.5
 
31.4
 
31.3
 
32.2
 
31.3
 
33.8
 
33.8
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
11.7
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.8
 
12.1
 
12.4
 
13.0
 
13.8
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
4.2
 
4.4
 
4.9
 
4.6
 
5.0
 
3.9
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
12.2
 
12.3
 
12.0
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
12.1
 
12.8
 
12.6
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
17.3
 
17.6
 
18.0
 
18.3
 
18.6
 
19.0
 
19.3
 
19.4
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
27.2
 
27.0
 
25.9
 
26.6
 
27.9
 
27.0
 
22.3
 
26.5
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.0
 
27.9
 
26.6
 
27.6
 
27.9
 
27.3
 
21.9
 
22.5
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-0.9
 
-2.4
 
-2.2
 
-2.1
 
-4.1
 
-2.9
 
1.6
 
-4.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
42.5
 
36.6
 
36.0
 
40.1
 
43.8
 
42.3
 
37.0
 
49.6
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
41.6
 
34.3
 
33.8
 
38.0
 
39.6
 
39.4
 
38.6
 
44.8
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.3
 
3.1
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.4
 
2.6
 
0.6
 
-3.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
13.3
 
12.0
 
12.5
 
13.8
 
14.9
 
15.6
 
11.3
 
13.6
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
14.6
 
15.2
 
16.1
 
17.5
 
18.3
 
18.2
 
11.9
 
9.8
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.1
 
-2.7
 
-2.1
 
-2.8
 
-4.2
 
-2.9
 
-1.1
 
-5.8
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
17 996
 
17 026
 
16 888
 
17 800
 
17 181
 
17 008
 
20 923
 
19 107
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
76 622
 
66 479
 
70 095
 
75 722
 
76 310
 
81 418
 
92 363
 
92 768
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 437
 
-311
 
2 979
 
2 721
 
2 297
 
4 273
 
3 889
 
3 992
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
472
 
-58
 
196
 
227
 
376
 
-168
 
546
 
-1 591
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.3
 
0.6
 
1.9
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
3.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.4
 
1.1
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
3.7
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
0.3
 
-0.1
 
-0.6
 
2.2
 
-0.2
 
1.1
 
3.2
 
1.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
1.0
 
-5.0
 
-2.7
 
4.8
 
7.5
 
1.0
 
-4.2
 
8.5
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
0.6
 
-4.0
 
-2.5
 
8.2
 
4.4
 
1.6
 
-0.9
 
4.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.30
 
3.42
 
2.76
 
2.99
 
2.75
 
1.65
 
0.89
 
1.82
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
NZD per USD
1.44
 
1.48
 
1.44
 
1.43
 
1.47
 
1.42
 
1.41
 
1.47
 
Exchange rates
NZD per USD
1.21
 
1.43
 
1.44
 
1.41
 
1.45
 
1.52
 
1.54
 
1.41
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
124
 
117
 
116
 
118
 
117
 
110
 
108
 
119
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
20.0
 
20.2
 
20.0
 
20.0
 
19.7
 
20.5
 
19.7
 
20.5
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
8 183.8
 
8 406.5
 
8 461.8
 
8 478.4
 
8 627.9
 
8 614.6
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
105.96
 
57.99
 
44.91
 
55.91
 
75.68
 
69.27
 
51.28
 
77.73
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
9 874
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
427
 
435
 
416
 
418
 
398
 
418
 
365
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
6
 
5
 
6
 
4
 
2
 
3
 
1
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
110
 
91
 
109
 
117
 
105
 
115
 
119
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
2 931
 
3 221
 
3 405
 
3 481
 
3 705
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
642
 
698
 
731
 
740
 
781
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
31
 
31
 
30
 
32
 
32
 
33
 
31
 
34
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
36
 
34
 
36
 
38
 
39
 
39
 
40
 
40
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
6 309
 
6 341
 
6 692
 
6 940
 
7 001
 
7 578
 
8 312
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
7 879
 
7 911
 
8 366
 
8 657
 
8 672
 
9 336
 
10 057
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
14 807
 
14 815
 
15 549
 
16 870
 
17 237
 
18 641
 
19 217
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
7.1
 
7.1
 
5.4
 
6.3
 
5.1
 
6.9
 
7.2
 
8.3
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
14.5
 
14.9
 
13.1
 
13.3
 
12.4
 
13.9
 
14.7
 
14.0
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
51.6
 
52.9
 
54.0
 
55.0
 
56.2
 
56.4
 
55.1
 
58.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
81.6
 
81.6
 
83.0
 
84.0
 
84.5
 
84.7
 
83.7
 
84.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
76.1
 
75.1
 
76.0
 
78.2
 
77.9
 
76.2
 
76.8
 
77.9
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
21.7
 
21.4
 
21.1
 
21.0
 
20.5
 
19.5
 
19.7
 
20.0
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
15.2
 
14.7
 
17.8
 
18.6
 
18.2
 
18.4
 
19.6
 
19.9
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
18.2
 
17.6
 
21.0
 
21.6
 
21.4
 
21.8
 
23.0
 
23.0
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
11.8
 
11.5
 
14.3
 
15.0
 
14.6
 
14.6
 
15.9
 
16.4
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
5.4
 
5.4
 
5.1
 
4.7
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.6
 
3.8
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
4.8
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
3.8
 
4.3
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
6.1
 
5.9
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
5.0
 
3.9
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
13.8
 
13.8
 
14.0
 
15.6
 
13.5
 
12.7
 
8.8
 
11.2
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.2
 
3.2
 
4.8
 
1.9
 
3.9
 
4.4
 
4.0
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 758
 
1 753
 
1 754
 
1 756
 
1 759
 
1 783
 
1 739
 
1 730
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
..
 
2 122
 
..
 
2 522
 
..
 
2 802
 
..
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
9.5
 
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
4 517
 
4 609
 
4 714
 
4 814
 
4 901
 
4 979
 
5 090
 
5 111
 
Population growth rates
%
1.7
 
2.1
 
2.3
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
2.2
 
0.4
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.9
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
20.2
 
19.9
 
19.6
 
19.5
 
19.3
 
19.2
 
19.0
 
18.9
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
14.4
 
14.5
 
14.7
 
14.8
 
15.0
 
15.3
 
15.6
 
16.0
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
23.0
 
24.0
 
25.1
 
26.2
 
26.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.2
 
..
 
4.6
 
4.4
 
4.8
 
4.3
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
5.2
 
5.5
 
4.7
 
..
 
3.7
 
3.0
 
3.7
 
3.1
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.5
 
6.5
 
5.9
 
..
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
5.1
 
4.3
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
7.5
 
6.7
 
5.3
 
..
 
4.5
 
4.2
 
5.3
 
3.4
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
81.5
 
e 
81.7
 
e 
81.7
 
e 
81.9
 
e 
81.7
 
82.1
 
82.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
79.7
 
79.9
 
80.0
 
80.2
 
80.0
 
80.3
 
80.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.3
 
83.4
 
83.4
 
83.6
 
83.5
 
83.9
 
84.1
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.7
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.7
 
4.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
65.2
 
65.8
 
67.0
 
66.9
 
67.1
 
65.5
 
66.4
 
68.1
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
11.5
 
11.8
 
12.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
28 561
 
28 191
 
28 634
 
29 998
 
31 178
 
31 708
 
31 633
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
48 198
 
50 787
 
51 896
 
55 432
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
6
 
7
 
7
 
8
 
8
 
7
 
6
 
6
 
Last updated: 27 January 2023; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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