1887

Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

This table collection has been discontinued. Please consult data.oecd.org, our new beta platform, to find the new data source.

English French

Keywords: technology, research, telecommunication, science, development
.

2012 Women researchers 2012

As a percentage of total researchers (headcount)

English French

Women researchers
As a percentage of total researchers (headcount)
‌‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Australia
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Austria
..
 
23.6
 
..
 
25.3
 
26.4
 
..
 
28.4
 
..
 
Belgium
28.1
 
28.8
 
29.6
 
30.7
 
31.1
 
32.2
 
32.7
 
..
 
Canada
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
27.76
 
27.52
 
..
 
..
 
Czech Republic
28.3
 
28.5
 
28.8
 
28.5
 
28.3
 
28.5
 
28.9
 
28.1
 
Denmark
28.1
 
..
 
29.7
 
..
 
30.2
 
..
 
31.9
 
..
 
Estonia
..
 
..
 
40.8
 
42.4
 
44.3
 
41.7
 
42.5
 
..
 
Finland
29.8
 
29.0
 
30.2
 
31.6
 
31.5
 
30.7
 
31.4
 
..
 
France
27.8
 
27.8
 
28.0
 
27.4
 
27.8
 
27.4
 
26.9
 
..
 
Germany
19.5
 
..
 
21.3
 
..
 
23.2
 
..
 
24.9
 
..
 
Greece
37.1
 
..
 
36.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Hungary
35.1
 
34.5
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
33.5
 
33.0
 
32.1
 
..
 
Iceland
39.4
 
..
 
39.3
 
38.6
 
37.8
 
37.8
 
41.0
 
..
 
Ireland
30.2
 
30.0
 
30.3
 
31.2
 
32.0
 
32.3
 
33.3
 
..
 
Israel 1
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Italy
29.3
 
29.9
 
32.3
 
33.3
 
33.2
 
..
 
33.8
 
..
 
Japan
11.6
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
12.4
 
13.0
 
13.0
 
13.6
 
..
 
Korea
11.4
 
12.0
 
12.9
 
13.1
 
14.9
 
15.6
 
15.8
 
16.7
 
Luxembourg
17.4
 
..
 
18.2
 
..
 
24.1
 
..
 
21.2
 
..
 
Mexico
31.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Netherlands
19.9
 
..
 
21.0
 
..
 
23.0
 
..
 
25.9
 
..
 
New Zealand
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Norway
29.3
 
..
 
31.6
 
..
 
33.5
 
34.1
 
35.2
 
..
 
Poland
39.3
 
38.9
 
39.3
 
39.5
 
39.9
 
39.5
 
39.5
 
..
 
Portugal
44.3
 
44.3
 
44.4
 
43.8
 
43.4
 
43.0
 
45.8
 
..
 
Slovak Republic
40.6
 
41.2
 
41.5
 
41.8
 
42.3
 
42.3
 
42.5
 
42.4
 
Slovenia
32.20
 
32.52
 
34.79
 
35.28
 
34.88
 
35.08
 
35.66
 
..
 
Spain
36.3
 
36.1
 
36.7
 
36.7
 
37.0
 
37.5
 
38.1
 
..
 
Sweden
..
 
..
 
35.8
 
..
 
35.1
 
..
 
35.7
 
..
 
Switzerland
..
 
26.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
30.2
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
35.9
 
36.4
 
36.1
 
36.3
 
36.7
 
36.5
 
36.3
 
35.8
 
United Kingdom
..
 
..
 
35.7
 
..
 
36.8
 
..
 
37.9
 
..
 
United States
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD Total
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 29 March 2012
Note: Country specific footnotes are available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/21/22/49501885.pdf
1.
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
c)
National estimate or projection adjusted, if necessary, by the Secretariat to meet OECD norms
p)
Provisional
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error