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Science and Technology: Key Tables from OECD

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Keywords: technology, research, telecommunication, science, development
.

2011 Women researchers 2011

As a percentage of total researchers (headcount)

English French

Science and technology: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-843X - © OECD 2011

 Women researchers
 As a percentage of total researchers (headcount)
 
 
 
 2002
 2003
 2004
 2005
 2006
 2007
 2008
 2009
 
Australia
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Austria
20.7
 
..
 
23.6
 
..
 
25.3
 
26.4
 
..
 
..
 
 
Belgium
27.7
 
28.1
 
28.8
 
29.6
 
30.7
 
31.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Canada
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Czech Republic
29.5
 
28.3
 
28.5
 
28.8
 
28.5
 
28.3
 
28.5
 
28.9
 
 
Denmark
26.2
 
28.1
 
..
 
29.7
 
..
 
30.2
 
..
 
..
 
 
Estonia
42.6
 
..
 
..
 
40.8
 
42.4
 
44.3
 
41.7
 
..
 
 
Finland
29.9
 
29.8
 
29.0
 
30.2
 
31.6
 
31.5
 
30.7
 
..
 
 
France
27.8
 
27.8
 
27.8
 
28.0
 
27.4
 
27.8
 
27.4
 
..
 
 
Germany
..
 
19.5
 
..
 
21.3
 
..
 
23.2
 
..
 
..
 
 
Greece
..
 
37.1
 
..
 
36.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Hungary
33.7
 
35.1
 
34.5
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
33.5
 
33.0
 
..
 
 
Iceland
..
 
39.4
 
..
 
39.3
 
38.6
 
37.8
 
37.8
 
..
 
 
Ireland
30.2
 
30.2
 
30.0
 
30.3
 
31.2
 
32.0
 
 c
32.3
 
..
 
 
Israel 1
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Italy
28.7
 
29.3
 
29.9
 
32.3
 
33.3
 
33.2
 
33.2
 
..
 
 
Japan
11.2
 
11.6
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
12.4
 
13.0
 
13.0
 
..
 
 
Korea
11.6
 
11.4
 
12.0
 
12.9
 
13.1
 
14.9
 
15.6
 
..
 
 
Luxembourg
..
 
17.4
 
 c
..
 
18.2
 
..
 
24.1
 
 c
..
 
..
 
 
Mexico
..
 
31.6
 
 c
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Netherlands
..
 
19.9
 
..
 
18.0
 
 c
..
 
23.0
 
..
 
..
 
 
New Zealand
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Norway
..
 
29.4
 
..
 
31.7
 
..
 
33.3
 
33.9
 
..
 
 
Poland
..
 
39.3
 
38.9
 
39.3
 
39.5
 
39.9
 
39.5
 
..
 
 
Portugal
44.0
 
 c
44.3
 
44.3
 
 c
44.4
 
43.8
 
 c
43.4
 
43.0
 
..
 
 
Slovak Republic
39.6
 
40.6
 
41.2
 
41.5
 
41.8
 
42.3
 
42.3
 
42.5
 
 
Slovenia
35.09
 
32.20
 
32.52
 
34.79
 
35.28
 
34.88
 
35.08
 
..
 
 
Spain
35.2
 
36.3
 
36.1
 
36.7
 
36.7
 
37.0
 
37.5
 
..
 
 
Sweden
..
 
..
 
..
 
35.8
 
..
 
35.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Switzerland
..
 
..
 
26.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
30.2
 
..
 
 
Turkey
35.6
 
35.9
 
36.4
 
36.1
 
36.3
 
36.7
 
36.5
 
36.3
 
 
United Kingdom
..
 
..
 
..
 
35.7
 
 c
..
 
36.8
 
 c
..
 
..
 
 
United States
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
OECD Total 2
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 27 April 2011
Note:  Country specific footnotes are available at www.oecd.org/dataoecd/52/43/43143328.pdf
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Excluding Chile
National estimate or projection adjusted, if necessary, by the Secretariat to meet OECD norms
Source: Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics
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