University-Industry Collaboration

New Evidence and Policy Options

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This report discusses challenges and opportunities in assessing the impacts of science-industry knowledge exchange on innovation. The report provides new evidence on joint industry-science patenting activity and academic start-ups, as well as on the impact of geographical proximity between research institutions and industry on local innovation. The report explores the complex set of knowledge-transfer channels, such as collaborative research, co-patenting, academic spinoffs, and their relative importance across science fields and industry sectors. It also experiments with using labour force survey data to assess the contributions of graduates in social sciences to different industries.

Different policy mixes are used in OECD countries to stimulate science-industry knowledge transfer. This report presents a taxonomy of 21 policy instruments, which include grants for collaborative university-industry research and financial support to university spin-offs, and discusses their possible positive and negative interactions. Based on a number of country case studies, the report also sheds light on new policy approaches to support spin-off creation. The report also explores recent trends on the governance of public research of high relevance to science-industry knowledge transfer using newly developed policy indicators for 35 OECD countries.



This report presents the main outcomes from the project titled Assessing the Impacts of the Policy Mix for Knowledge Transfer, conducted in 2017-18 by the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP). The main goals of the project were to analyse the impacts of public research institutions on innovation performance, as well as to explore the policy instruments and mixes implemented across countries to support science-industry knowledge transfer. The project builds on the expertise of the Working Party in knowledge transfer and public research policy domains, and is the follow-up to a previous project on Assessing the Impacts of Public Research Systems (2015-16). This strand of work will continue in 2019-20, with a focus on knowledge co-creation.


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