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University-Industry Collaboration

New Evidence and Policy Options

image of University-Industry Collaboration

This report discusses challenges and opportunities in assessing the impacts of science-industry knowledge exchange on innovation. The report provides new evidence on joint industry-science patenting activity and academic start-ups, as well as on the impact of geographical proximity between research institutions and industry on local innovation. The report explores the complex set of knowledge-transfer channels, such as collaborative research, co-patenting, academic spinoffs, and their relative importance across science fields and industry sectors. It also experiments with using labour force survey data to assess the contributions of graduates in social sciences to different industries.



Different policy mixes are used in OECD countries to stimulate science-industry knowledge transfer. This report presents a taxonomy of 21 policy instruments, which include grants for collaborative university-industry research and financial support to university spin-offs, and discusses their possible positive and negative interactions. Based on a number of country case studies, the report also sheds light on new policy approaches to support spin-off creation. The report also explores recent trends on the governance of public research of high relevance to science-industry knowledge transfer using newly developed policy indicators for 35 OECD countries.

English

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Assessing the impacts of knowledge transfer on innovation: Channels and challenges

This chapter provides an overview of the different channels of science-industry knowledge transfer, distinguishing the formal ones from the informal. It then presents the methods and data sources that have been used to measure the contributions of public research to innovation, summarising the channels of interaction captured by each approach and outlining the respective advantages and drawbacks of each. The final section discusses the main challenges that arise in assessing the impacts of public research policies on innovation.

English

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