Turning Science into Business

Patenting and Licensing at Public Research Organisations

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This report presents the results of the first international survey on the patenting and licensing activities of public research organisations in OECD countries. It includes data on the stock and number of patents and licenses, the amount of licensing revenue, the size and activities of technology transfer offices, the types of licensing agreements concluded with firms, as well as information on the government and institutional policies for owning and exploiting intellectual property. In addition to the survey results, policy makers, business managers and university and research administrators will find several case studies on how OECD countries are moving to unlock the social and economic benefits of public research. These case studies will also provide insight into how research institutions deal with issues such as whether to license a patent or create a spin-off, how to create technology transfer programmes and how to license IP to firms while preserving access for future research and discovery.


University Technology Transfer in Switzerland Organisation, Legal Framework, Policy and Performance

At present, technology transfer activities in Swiss higher education institutions are bottom-up and based on decentralised decision making. This leads to different institutional solutions for technology transfer as well as a legal framework that lacks simplicity and clarity. Nevertheless, in international comparisons, Swiss technology transfer performs quite well. Is this a contradiction, as one would assume at first sight? Recent studies shed more light on the conditions, mechanisms and extent of technology transfer in Switzerland. This chapter examines these insights and tries to address the apparent contradiction. It first describes the context and organisation of technology transfer and then analyses the legal framework. After discussing the policy relevance, the most recent empirical evidence on technology transfer is summarised. Some conclusions follow...


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