Turning Science into Business

Patenting and Licensing at Public Research Organisations

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This report presents the results of the first international survey on the patenting and licensing activities of public research organisations in OECD countries. It includes data on the stock and number of patents and licenses, the amount of licensing revenue, the size and activities of technology transfer offices, the types of licensing agreements concluded with firms, as well as information on the government and institutional policies for owning and exploiting intellectual property. In addition to the survey results, policy makers, business managers and university and research administrators will find several case studies on how OECD countries are moving to unlock the social and economic benefits of public research. These case studies will also provide insight into how research institutions deal with issues such as whether to license a patent or create a spin-off, how to create technology transfer programmes and how to license IP to firms while preserving access for future research and discovery.


Trends in Patenting and Licensing across OECD Countries

This chapter discusses new data concerning the intellectual property activities of technology transfer offices (TTOs) affiliated with public research organisations. The data presented are based on responses received from TTO managers to the OECD questionnaire about the size and nature of their intellectual property (IP) portfolio; the licences they have negotiated and the types of clauses typically included in them; and the income and expenditure associated with the protection and exploitation of IP. Their responses should help policy makers understand which innovations are being commercialised, under what conditions, with what safeguards for the research missions of public research organisations (PROs) and with what economic repercussions for the PRO and the economy more generally...


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