Turning Science into Business

Patenting and Licensing at Public Research Organisations

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This report presents the results of the first international survey on the patenting and licensing activities of public research organisations in OECD countries. It includes data on the stock and number of patents and licenses, the amount of licensing revenue, the size and activities of technology transfer offices, the types of licensing agreements concluded with firms, as well as information on the government and institutional policies for owning and exploiting intellectual property. In addition to the survey results, policy makers, business managers and university and research administrators will find several case studies on how OECD countries are moving to unlock the social and economic benefits of public research. These case studies will also provide insight into how research institutions deal with issues such as whether to license a patent or create a spin-off, how to create technology transfer programmes and how to license IP to firms while preserving access for future research and discovery.


Legal and Regulatory Frameworks for Intellectual Property at Public Research Organisatons

This chapter presents the results of the OECD survey on the legal and regulatory frameworks that govern the ownership, management and exploitation of intellectual property (IP) developed at public research organisations (PROs) in OECD countries. The results are based on responses to a survey of policies of government ministries responsible for PROs, as well as responses to the OECD survey of patenting and licensing at PROs. The objective of this chapter is to describe the current situation in OECD and selected non-member countries with respect to legal and regulatory frameworks for the ownership and exploitation of IP. Also, in light of the findings of the OECD surveys, it seeks to draw out implications for policy makers as to how laws and regulations can be improved to create greater incentives for PROs to protect and exploit IP resulting from publicly funded research...


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