Turning Science into Business

Patenting and Licensing at Public Research Organisations

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This report presents the results of the first international survey on the patenting and licensing activities of public research organisations in OECD countries. It includes data on the stock and number of patents and licenses, the amount of licensing revenue, the size and activities of technology transfer offices, the types of licensing agreements concluded with firms, as well as information on the government and institutional policies for owning and exploiting intellectual property. In addition to the survey results, policy makers, business managers and university and research administrators will find several case studies on how OECD countries are moving to unlock the social and economic benefits of public research. These case studies will also provide insight into how research institutions deal with issues such as whether to license a patent or create a spin-off, how to create technology transfer programmes and how to license IP to firms while preserving access for future research and discovery.


IP-based Spin-offs of Public Research Organisations in the Dutch Life Sciences and ICT Sectors

A basic assumption of publicly financed research is that its results will be used and contribute to social and economic welfare. It is widely recognised that this happens; for the Netherlands it has been established that about 21% of all technological innovations are based on public research (NOWT, 2000, p. 76). However, various obstacles have to be overcome before the results of public research are actually used. A major question therefore is how technology transfer can be best achieved. An effective mechanism must create an optimal balance between knowledge creation, diffusion and utilisation, taking both public and private interests into account...


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