The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

Key Developments and Policies

image of The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible "dark sides" of digitalisation.


Digital technology, the changing practice of science and implications for policy

This chapter considers how digital technologies that have arisen out of publicly funded scientific research are now rapidly transforming the practice of research and enabling open science. This transformation is apparent across all of the three main pillars of open science: dissemination of scientific information, access to research data and engagement with stakeholders from outside of research. Recent developments and analysis are presented for each of these areas. This is followed by a discussion of what these developments mean for the governance of science as a whole, including for international co‑ordination and co‑operation. The chapter builds on earlier work by the OECD’s Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy and the report “Making open science a reality” and synthesises findings from recent work by the OECD Global Science Forum.


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