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The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

Key Developments and Policies

image of The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible "dark sides" of digitalisation.

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How are science, technology and innovation going digital? The statistical evidence

Chapter 2 examines the digitalisation of science and innovation drawing on statistical measurement and analysis by the OECD’s Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators, including material featured in the OECD report Measuring the Digital Transformation. This chapter maps the ICT specialisation of research and the growth of scientific production and government funding of research related to artificial intelligence. It examines the multidimensional nature of the digital transformation of science. This chapter also shows how innovation in firms can be linked to the adoption of digital technologies and business practices. It concludes by summarising possible next steps for OECD’s own measurement agenda.

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