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The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

Key Developments and Policies

image of The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible "dark sides" of digitalisation.

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The digitalisation of science and innovation policy

This chapter is based on the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy project and its exploration of digital science and innovation policy (DSIP) and the challenges it faces. DSIP initiatives refer to the adoption or implementation by public administrations of new or reused procedures and infrastructures relying on an intensive use of digital technologies and data resources to support the formulation and delivery of science and innovation policy. The chapter focuses on three issues in particular. First, it examines the need to ensure interoperability through which diverse data sets can be linked and analysed to aid policy making. Second, it looks at preventing potential misuses of DSIP systems in research assessment practices. Third, it explores management of the roles of non-government actors, particularly the private sector, in developing and operating DSIP infrastructure components and services.

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