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Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World

Responding to Policy Needs

image of Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World

As the world interconnects, science, technology and innovation policies cannot be seen as standing alone. There is a growing interest from central banks and ministries of finance in improving the understanding of how science, technology and innovation create value in the form of increased productivity and profits, and contribute to the valuation of enterprises, and ultimately stimulate the growth and competitiveness of economies. This conference proceedings of the OECD Blue Sky II Forum describes some of the policy needs, measurement issues, and challenges in describing cross-cutting and emerging topics in science, technology and innovation (STI). It also presents ideas to exploit existing data and develop new frameworks of measurement in order to guide future development of STI indicators at the OECD and beyond.

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Looking Forward: What's Next?

As the various chapters in this volume illustrate, national statistical offices, in close interaction with the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), have been particularly influential and constructive over the last 40 years in developing international standards for the measurement of research and development (R&D) and in stimulating and improving the input and output measurement of science, technology and innovation (STI) activities. Behind the early international attempts at coordinating and ultimately harmonizing the measurement of R&D through the establishment of a common statistical manual were two fundamental considerations.

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