Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World

Responding to Policy Needs

image of Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World

As the world interconnects, science, technology and innovation policies cannot be seen as standing alone. There is a growing interest from central banks and ministries of finance in improving the understanding of how science, technology and innovation create value in the form of increased productivity and profits, and contribute to the valuation of enterprises, and ultimately stimulate the growth and competitiveness of economies. This conference proceedings of the OECD Blue Sky II Forum describes some of the policy needs, measurement issues, and challenges in describing cross-cutting and emerging topics in science, technology and innovation (STI). It also presents ideas to exploit existing data and develop new frameworks of measurement in order to guide future development of STI indicators at the OECD and beyond.



Innovation: Can Something New Be Measured?

The first Blue Sky conference in Paris in 1996 introduced a wide audience to some of the results of the first Community Innovation Survey (CIS) from 1993, which was arguably one of the most comprehensive major sources of new innovation data at the time. The purpose of the CIS and other innovation surveys based on the first edition of the Oslo Manual was to overcome some of the limitations of the research and development (R&D) surveys. Two main goals were to provide data on innovative activities that were not based on R&D and to provide output measures of innovation.


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