1887

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers

The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth. STI Policy Papers cover a broad range of topics, including industry and globalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship, scientific R&D and emerging technologies. These reports are officially declassified by an OECD Committee.

English

Science-industry knowledge exchange

A mapping of policy instruments and their interactions

Countries deploy a variety of financial, regulatory and soft policy instruments to promote science-industry knowledge exchange. While these instruments are often discussed in isolation, they are implemented collectively and may reinforce and complement but also weaken or even negatively affect each other and add excessive complexity. This paper develops a conceptual framework to map policy instruments for knowledge exchange and assess the interactions between them. The framework also considers how national contexts and global trends influence the choice of policy instruments. Policy examples drawn from the EC-OECD STIP Compass database and from case studies show that there are significant differences across countries in the relative importance given to each policy instrument in terms of budget, target groups, eligibility criteria, time horizon and implementation. These differences are also a consequence of different country conditions.

English

Keywords: knowledge transfer, policy instrument, evaluation, spin-offs, intermediary organisations, co-creation, interaction, public research, intellectual property, collaboration
JEL: H11: Public Economics / Structure and Scope of Government / Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government; I23: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Higher Education; Research Institutions; I28: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education: Government Policy; O38: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Technological Change: Government Policy
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