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Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms, Volume 3

OECD Consensus Documents

image of Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms, Volume 3

The books on “Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms” constitute a compilation of the OECD Biosafety Consensus Documents. When published, Volume 1 and 2 contained the documents issued before 2006; Volume 3 and 4 are a continuation of the compilation up to 2010.

The OECD Biosafety Consensus Documents identify elements of scientific information used in the environmental safety and risk assessment of transgenic organisms which are common to OECD member countries and some non members associated with the work. This is intended to encourage information sharing, promote harmonised practices, and prevent duplication of effort among countries.

These books offer ready access to those consensus documents which have been issued on the website thus far. As such, it should be of value to applicants for commercial uses of transgenic organisms (crops, trees, microorganisms), to regulators and risk assessors in national authorities, as well as the wider scientific community.

More information on the OECD's work related to the biosafety of transgenic organisms is found at BioTrack Online (http://www.oecd.org/biotrack).

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Section 6 - Black spruce (Picea mariana)

Black spruce [Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.], known by many alternate common names including bog spruce, swamp spruce, Canadian spruce, eastern spruce, and shortleaf black spruce (Viereck and Johnston, 1990; Alden, 1997), is one of the most common and important boreal species native to North America, especially in eastern Canada. Black spruce is one of about 40 species in the genus Picea of the family Pinaceae, all of which are found in cooler portions of the northern hemisphere (Farrar, 1995). Ten spruce species are native to North America (Weng and Jackson, 2000). There is no consensus among taxonomists regarding subdivision of the genus, but Picea is often described as having three sections (Eupicea, also known as Picea or Morinda; Castica; and Omorika), with black spruce generally placed among the Eupicea (Dallimore and Jackson, 1948; Alden, 1987). Mikkola (1969) suggested dividing the genus into only two sections, Abies and Omorika. Fowler (1983) recommended adopting Mikkola’s classification, but splitting the section Omorika into two subsections, Omorikoides and Glaucoides, and placing black spruce into the former subsection based upon species crossability. Other examples of taxonomic classification have also been proposed for the genus (e.g., see Weng and Jackson, 2000).

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