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Public Research Institutions

Mapping Sector Trends

image of Public Research Institutions

This publication provides new information on public research institutions (PRIs) and government strategies. Public research institutions are crucial for innovation due to their role in knowledge creation and diffusion. While absolute real expenditure on R&D in this sector has risen, it now accounts for a smaller share of total R&D spending by OECD countries and of OECD GDP. The targets and focus of many PRIs have evolved in recent years. Changing activities, new policy challenges and wider economic and political developments have driven change in missions and mandates and linkages have become focal points for many. Internationalisation has also increased and relationships are frequently collaborative. PRIs’ sources of income are diverse but funding has become increasingly competitive. Funding instruments need to balance short-and long-term goals to uphold research quality and ensure the sustainability of PRI activities.  

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Public research institutions in national innovation systems

Public research institutions (PRIs) are one of the two main actors in the public research system, and continue to play numerous roles in innovation systems. Their structures, function and performance are diverse and their activities vary widely according to their mission and type. This report will present new data and evidence on PRIs, drawing on extensive material supplied by OECD member and observer countries. It aims to enhance the level of policy debate and provide input into future policy making.

English

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