Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance

OECD Conference Proceedings

image of Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance
This publication presents a collection of the policy-oriented empirical studies and stakeholders' views designed to show how patent regimes can contribute more efficiently to innovation and economic performance.  Topics covered include the links between patents and economic performance, changes in patent regimes, patents and entrepreneurship, patents and diffusion of technology, IPR for software and technology, and current and future policy challenges.




Overview of Recent Changes and Comparison of Patent Regimes in the United States, Japan and Europe

Patent regimes have gone through important changes in the past two decades, most of them in the direction of ‘strengthening patent rights’, in the sense of reinforcing the exclusive rights conferred to patent holders and expanding their coverage. OECD countries have experienced an upward harmonisation of their patent regimes based on the view that easily enforceable patents and broader rights for patent holders are beneficial for innovation. Reforms have been mainly led by requirements set out in international treaties, and decisions taken at major patent offices and courts. This paper compares and reviews the main changes to patenting regimes in Europe, Japan and the United States and ...


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