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Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance

OECD Conference Proceedings

image of Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance
This publication presents a collection of the policy-oriented empirical studies and stakeholders' views designed to show how patent regimes can contribute more efficiently to innovation and economic performance.  Topics covered include the links between patents and economic performance, changes in patent regimes, patents and entrepreneurship, patents and diffusion of technology, IPR for software and technology, and current and future policy challenges.

 

English

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Japan's Patent System and Business Innovation

Reassessing Pro-patent Policies

Since Japanese patent law was enacted in 1959, it has been revised several times, mainly for the purpose of international harmonization. Recently, the Japanese government has stressed the importance of pro-patent policies, i.e. strengthening intellectual property rights in order to stimulate business innovation and regain international competitiveness. This paper assesses the impact of a series of revisions of the Japanese patent system on firms’ innovation activities by using statistical data, firm-level survey data and information from interviews with IP managers in IT and pharmaceutical firms. The number of patent applications dropped in the early 1990s, but picked up again after 1995. It has been found that increases in patent applications in the late 1990s can be ...

English

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