Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance

OECD Conference Proceedings

image of Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance
This publication presents a collection of the policy-oriented empirical studies and stakeholders' views designed to show how patent regimes can contribute more efficiently to innovation and economic performance.  Topics covered include the links between patents and economic performance, changes in patent regimes, patents and entrepreneurship, patents and diffusion of technology, IPR for software and technology, and current and future policy challenges.





The number of patent applications submitted to major patent offices has grown rapidly in the past two decades. Patented inventions are increasingly present throughout the economy, and their influence on innovation and economic performance is becoming more important and pervasive. The growth in patenting reflects increased investments in research, development and innovation, more strategic behaviour of patentees and changes in patent regimes that have led to an expanding realm of patent protection and stronger rights for patent holders. Patents provide incentives to innovate and contribute to technology diffusion, in particular by requiring disclosure of the functioning of a new invention and facilitating exchanges via licensing agreements. Nevertheless, a number of questions must be reassessed regarding the determinants of patenting and the impact of patenting on innovation and economic performance. In particular, as innovation processes have changed and new types of inventions ...


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