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Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance

OECD Conference Proceedings

image of Patents, Innovation and Economic Performance
This publication presents a collection of the policy-oriented empirical studies and stakeholders' views designed to show how patent regimes can contribute more efficiently to innovation and economic performance.  Topics covered include the links between patents and economic performance, changes in patent regimes, patents and entrepreneurship, patents and diffusion of technology, IPR for software and technology, and current and future policy challenges.

 

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Improving Patent Quality

Connecting Economic Research and Policy

Beginning in 1980 in the United States, a series of judicial, legislative, and administrative actions and international agreements extended patenting to new technologies well upstream from commercial products (biotechnology) and to technologies previously without or subject to other forms of intellectual property protection (software and business methods), encouraged the emergence of new users of the patent system (universities), and strengthened the position of patent holders vis-à-vis infringers domestically and internationally. High rates of innovation since these changes began to be introduced arguably are evidence that the patent system is working well, although there is surprisingly little direct evidence that the benefits of more, stronger patents extend very far beyond a few manufacturing industries such as pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and medical devices. Meanwhile, several concerns and criticisms have been expressed about how the patent system is functioning, quite apart from its financial costs. In the United States the foremost criticism, voiced by many proponents ...

English

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