Oslo Manual 2018

Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition

image of Oslo Manual 2018

What is innovation and how should it be measured? Understanding the scale of innovation activities, the characteristics of innovative firms and the internal and systemic factors that can influence innovation is a prerequisite for the pursuit and analysis of policies aimed at fostering innovation. First published in 1992, the Oslo Manual is the international reference guide for collecting and using data on innovation. In this fourth edition, the manual has been updated to take into account a broader range of innovation-related phenomena as well as the experience gained from recent rounds of innovation surveys in OECD countries and partner economies and organisations. 


English Also available in: French, Lithuanian

Objectives and outcomes of business innovation

This chapter discusses different approaches to measuring business innovation objectives and outcomes, extending the measurement of innovation characteristics introduced in Chapter 3. It discusses several qualitative measures of the variety of innovation objectives and outcomes pursued by firms. This is complemented by an evaluation of quantitative measures of innovation outcomes for both product and business process innovations. An overview of the challenges to measuring innovation outcomes is presented before providing a final set of recommendations.

English Also available in: French

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