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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018

Adapting to Technological and Societal Disruption

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018

The OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018 is the twelfth edition in a series that biennially reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy in OECD countries and a number of major partner economies. The 14 chapters within this edition look at a range of topics, notably the opportunities and challenges related to enhanced data access, the impacts of artificial intelligence on science and manufacturing, and the influence of digitalisation on research and innovation. The report also discusses the shortcomings of current policy measures, how the Sustainable Development Goals are re-shaping STI policy agendas, and the need for new - more flexible and agile - approaches to technology governance and policy design. While these disruptive changes challenge policy makers in a number of ways, the digital revolution underway also provides solutions for better policy targeting, implementation and monitoring.

This report relies on the latest academic work in the field, research and innovation statistical data, as well as data on wider trends and issues. It makes extensive use of country responses to the 2017 EC OECD STI policy survey (https://stip.oecd.org) and features contributions by renowned experts and academics to broaden the debate and provide more personal, sometimes controversial, angles to it.

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Blue Sky perspectives towards the next generation of data and indicators on science and innovation

Just like its subject matter, the world of data, indicators and analysis on science, technology and innovation (STI) is experiencing profound transformations that call for co-ordinated action by users and producers of STI data and statistics. This chapter brings together discussions and perspectives shared at the OECD Blue Sky Forum 2016. It presents several key trends presenting both challenges and opportunities. It first considers major developments, starting with the latest trends in policy uses of STI data and statistics. It then assesses how digitalisation has transformed the production of STI data, and examines the major issues facing traditional and new producers of STI data and statistics. It concludes by discussing the future outlook and key governance perspectives in STI measurement and analysis, including the potential role of the OECD.

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