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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Turkey

Turkey is a large, fast-growing, middle-income OECD economy. It has industrialised rapidly in recent years. Although growth has slowed in the last few years, it is projected to remain close to 4% in 2016, while the national objective is to reach average growth of 5% per annum in 2017 and 2018. The trade deficit has declined since 2013, as policy focused on industry and exports. Turkey has made significant strides in building up its STI capacities, with international STI cooperation playing a pivotal role, and GERD grew by 9.7% annually over 2009-14. Turkey is committed to sustaining its investment in STI. Currently, the National Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy (UBTYS) 2011-16 and the Tenth Development Plan 2014-18 provide the guidelines for Turkey’s national STI policy. Ongoing impact assessment exercises will serve as a basis for the new National STI strategy 2017-23. Targets for GERD and BERD were set by the Supreme Council for Science and Technology (SCST) to reach 3% and 2% of GDP, respectively, by 2023.

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