OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Public engagement in STI policy

Over the last decade, processes of public engagement – in which members of diverse publics express their views, concerns and recommendations – have become increasingly common features of STI policy. There are multiple rationales for public engagement in STI policy. First, public engagement can broaden the knowledge base on which to make STI policy decisions, enhancing the quality and relevance of the knowledge produced and helping to steer science and innovation toward socially desirable objectives. Second, engaging the public upfront on questions of controversial technology policy may stave off a public outcry and enhance trust between scientists and the lay public. Third, from the perspective of democratic governance, public engagement can enhance the meaningful participation of citizens in decisions that affect them deeply (Fiorino, 1990; Stirling, 2008). But public engagement can also help improve the relations of science and society by building a more scientifically literate, supportive and engaged citizenry.


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