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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Policy mix for business R&D and innovation

The “policy mix” could be understood as the set of policy rationales, arrangements and instruments implemented to deliver public action in specific policy domains as well as their interactions. The “policy mix” concept refers therefore to: 1) the composition of the “policy mix”, i.e. the relative balance between its components, and 2) the interactions between its components. More specifically in the innovation policy domain, there is no clearly stated and widely acknowledged definition of the concept (Flanagan et al., 2011). And discussions around policy mix often question its normative features in terms of “coherence”, “co‑ordination”, “efficiency”, “appropriateness”, “balance”, “stability”, “predictability”, “comprehensiveness”, “legitimacy”, etc.

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