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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Open science

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) - new data storage infrastructure, broadband Internet, high speed computing and analytical software tools - are radically modifying the way science is conducted and the way the results of research are disseminated. Whilst openness has always been one of the accepted norms of scientific practice, a new paradigm of 'Open Science' is emerging.  This encompasses a more collaborative scientific enterprise, open access to scientific data, open access to scientific journals and greater engagement of civil society - including industry.   In parallel, the availability and scale of data that is available for, and produced by, science has massively increased as has our ability to interrogate and analyse that data.  'Big data' and data driven research is now ubiquitous across all scientific disciplines and is opening up exciting new possibilities for addressing previously inaccessible scientific challenges.  Meanwhile, the ability to link data from different sources and fields is providing new insights into the complex global societal challenges.

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