OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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In the aftermath of the global economic crisis, economic growth in the Netherlands began to pick up in 2014, with gross domestic product (GDP) recently exceeding its pre-crisis peak. However, as in many OECD countries, labour productivity growth has been weak since the beginning of the global crisis. Strengthening investment in knowledge and innovation is a key to future productivity growth and competitiveness and is also necessary to address social challenges. The ‘top sectors’ approach, a form of industrial policy announced in 2011 and continued to date, focuses public resources on specific sectors and seeks to foster co-ordination of activities in these areas by businesses, knowledge institutions and government.


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