OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

English Also available in: French, Spanish


After two decades of sluggish growth, despite recent signs of renewed dynamism, Japan's growth prospects, which are projected to be 0.6% in 2016 and 0.7% in 2017, are still clouded by an ageing population, a high national debt (expected to reach 234% of GDP by 2017) and other socio-economic challenges. Thus, the 5th S&T Basic Plan (2016-20), prepared by the Cabinet Office with the input of experts, identifies sustainable development, the safety and security of the country and its people, climate change and biodiversity as overarching fields for determining a medium- to long-term STI strategy. As the world’s third-largest economy after the United States and China, Japan is also the world’s third most R&D-intensive country, with 3.59% of GDP dedicated to R&D in 2014.


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