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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Innovation in the oceans economy

Interest has been growing in the huge potential offered by the future development of ocean-based industries. The many economic activities that make use of the ocean possess great potential for boosting economic growth, employment and innovation. The “ocean economy” is defined as the sum of the economic activities of ocean-based industries, together with the assets, goods and services of marine ecosystems (Figure 1). In many cases, marine ecosystems provide intermediate inputs to the ocean-based industries. Conversely, ocean industries can impact the health of marine ecosystems.

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