OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Egypt is a lower middle-income economy that has grown little in per capita terms since 2011. High inflation, public debt, high unemployment rates and social inequalities pose important challenges. In this context, the government has committed to increase the level of investment in S&T in order to sustain growth and improve the quality of life. This is set out in the National Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation for 2015‑2030. There are plans to increase GERD, which was 0.7% in 2013, to 1%. The global crisis and the events of the Arab Spring strongly affected economic policy.


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