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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Brazil

While Brazil remains the world’s seventh-largest economy, growth has stagnated over the last two years as commodity prices, industrial activities and services have all declined. To boost the country’s economic performance and increase productivity through innovation, the government has introduced new legislation as well as the National Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation (ENCTI) 2016-19, which sets out the main challenges for STI policy (see below). The strategy aims for gross expenditure on research and development (GERD) to reach 2.0% of GDP in 2019

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