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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

image of OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Belgium

Belgium is a small EU economy and is very open to international trade and FDI. Its economy is strongly service-oriented and it has a number of internationally competitive technology sectors (e.g. chemicals, life sciences and ICT). Belgium is a federal country composed of three communities (Flemish, French and German-speaking) and three regions (Brussels-Capital Region -BCR-, Flanders and Wallonia). STI competences and mandates span across all these government levels. The Federal Belgian policy focuses on thematic aspects on aerospace sector and supporting R&D efforts towards the 3% of GDP Lisbon target, e.g. by reducing costs of researcher employment through tax allowance on R&D wages. The Communities are the main source of scientific research support, and the regions are the main source of innovation and business R&D support. Presently, key STI plans include the BCR Regional Innovation Plan (2015-20) on improving innovation chain and typologies, Wallonia’s new Marshall Plan 4.0 (2015-19), and Flanders’ Governing Agreement (2014-19) streamlining the organisational structures. The annual policy letter series is drafted by the government of Flanders and presents an overview of recent shifts in employment, economy, science and innovation strategy.

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