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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

For more information about the OECD STI Scoreboard, see www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.

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Trade openness

The relative impact of the economic crisis on international trade can be seen in a comparison of exports and imports as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) between 2008 and 2009. GDP was severely affected in many countries, but international trade suffered even more. After widespread increases in the trade-to-GDP ratio between 2000 and 2008, all OECD countries (except Iceland and Ireland) and the BRIICS (Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa) saw a drop in this ratio between 2008 and 2009, mostly owing to significant drops in trade in goods. In many countries it fell below the ratio recorded at the beginning of the decade.

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