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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

For more information about the OECD STI Scoreboard, see www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.

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Technology specialisation

Patent documents contain several types of information (e.g. technical class code, title, abstract, claims, etc.) which are useful for classifying patents in particular fields and investigating the emergence and growth patterns of new technologies. The rise in patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) stabilised at an average rate of 5% in the 2000s. The increase was not evenly distributed across countries or technological fields. Since 2000, patenting in the information and communication technology (ICT) and nanotechnology sectors grew at a similar pace (respectively 3% and 4%), whereas biotechnology patenting showed an inverse trend (–4%).

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