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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

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R&D specialisation

When comparing total business research and development (R&D) intensity (R&D expenditure relative to value added or gross domestic product) across countries it is important to take into account differences in their industrial structure. While there is significant variation in R&D intensity within sectors, some sector-specific patterns make it very difficult for a country to raise its R&D intensity significantly without fundamentally changing its industrial structure. An understanding of the extent to which structural differences can account for observed differences in overall business R&D intensity can be achieved by constructing an indicator that shows what a country’s total R&D intensity would be if it had the same industrial structure as the average for OECD countries.

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