OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

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This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

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Public-private cross-funding of R&D

There is a complex interplay between the public and private sectors in the funding and performance of R&D. Governments choose among various tools to leverage business sector R&D. Traditionally, they fund R&D activities directly via grants or procurement. More than 15% of business R&D (BERD) is funded directly by government in the Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Hungary and Turkey. In the OECD area, the government funds nearly 7% of total BERD, down from nearly 9% in 1999.

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