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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

For more information about the OECD STI Scoreboard, see www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.

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Innovation and knowledge flows

Innovation is a complex process and often involves many actors and linkages. One way to capture its systemic dimension is to examine which information sources firms use for their innovation activities. Internal sources are often reported as the most important for innovation, but in some countries external market sources predominate. Institutional sources play a much smaller role: generally, less than 10% of innovating firms rank them as “highly important”.

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