OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

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This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

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Innovation and environmental

Innovation can be a source of environmental benefits for the firm that introduces the innovation (as part of its production process) as well as for customers that purchase the innovation (as part of its end use). Firms introduce innovations in response to factors such as regulations, the availability of public support or (current or future) market demand. In most countries regulations (existing or future) are the main driver, followed by market demand from customers. In Sweden, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Finland, market demand is identified as the main driver of environmental innovations.

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