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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

For more information about the OECD STI Scoreboard, see www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.

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Import content of exports

The “import content of exports” measure (proposed by Hummels et al., 2001), provides an indication of the increasing importance of the international fragmentation of production processes. By linking OECD’s “harmonised” national input-output tables (which show countries’ interindustry transaction patterns) with bilateral trade by industry statistics, the value of imported intermediate goods and services subsequently embodied in exports can be estimated. While this highlights the imports required to meet the demand for exports, changes in the import content of exports can also reveal the evolution of domestic value added due to exporting activities.

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