OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

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Higher education and basic research

Most basic research is performed in universities and in public research organisations, and public support is crucial. Total higher education spending on R&D (HERD) accounts for 0.4% of GDP in the OECD area, a share that has increased in most countries over the last decade. Sweden has the highest research intensity in the higher education sector at 0.9% of GDP. Denmark and Portugal have nearly doubled their HERD intensity over the decade.

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