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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

For more information about the OECD STI Scoreboard, see www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.

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Government funding of R&D

Public policy can play an important role in orienting innovation efforts so that they help address domestic and global challenges. Government R&D budgets (GBAORD) provide an indication of the relative importance of various socio-economic objectives, such as defence, health and the environment, in public R&D spending. In 2009, governments across the OECD invested the equivalent of nearly 0.75% of GDP in direct funding of R&D activities. R&D budgets as a percentage of GDP are largest in the the United States, followed by Finland, Iceland, Portugal and Korea, ranging from nearly 0.2% to 1.2%. In most countries, this indicator is up relative to pre-recession levels, reflecting both the use of stimulus packages to support R&D and the drop in GDP growth rates.

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