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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

For more information about the OECD STI Scoreboard, see www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.

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Foreign affiliates

Foreign affiliates contribute to a host country’s international competitiveness through several channels. They provide access to new markets and new technologies for domestic suppliers and buyers, generate knowledge spillovers for domestic firms and typically invest a higher share of their revenues in R&D. Foreign affiliates are responsible for a large part of host countries’ employment, turnover and value added. The share of foreign-controlled employment in OECD countries ranged from close to 5% to 35% in 2008. In terms of value added, the foreign share is higher, partly because multinational enterprises are typically active in capital- and scale-intensive industries. Smaller countries such as the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Hungary have a stronger presence of foreign-owned firms; in addition, the presence of foreign affiliates has increased significantly in these countries during the last decade. Foreign affiliates account for a significantly smaller share of total activity in the United States and Italy.

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